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English literature: The Victorian Age Summary & Analysis

Victorian Age
Victorian Age
The Victorian Age was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign and it was the longest reign in British history, a period of growth in the economy thanks to the development of industry and transports and period of political expansion: the British Empire took enormous proportions.

Victorian age was also the age of social reforms, for example, there were Factory acts: this act improved the condition of workers in factories and the elementary education Acts: elementary school became free and compulsory

This period is also named Puritan age because sex became a taboo, families were strictly patriarchal and so women were under the authority of their fathers or husbands, even if, during the Victorian Age, women began to fight for freedom and emancipation with the suffragette’s movement

If on the one hand Victorian Age was a period of developing, on the other hand it was a period of social problems: this is the Victorian compromise.

The Victorians made a compromise between these two aspects and hide them behind optimism and hypocrisy.

The ideal Victorian woman was an “angel in the house”, her place was in the house, she was a pious, respectable and busy wife, mother and daughter
Victorian women did not have the same rights as men, they had limited education and, therefore, limited employment opportunities


This poem deals with Tennyson’s visit to his friend Arthur’s house and the sorrow he feels because of his death. It is about the separation of two friends by death. The poet uses the adjective “dark” to explain his sadness. (…) This sentence means that anyway life goes on and can be connected with the song…


In this poem Tennyson is in a bay and he is looking out to the Sea, which is personified. In this particular moment, Tennyson feels as he is overcome by a great number of thoughts. In this poem he seems to be a painter, which paints some scenes of everyday life. Thanks to his words, the reader can “see” two children, playing on the beach, or a sailor, singing on his boat. This scene seems to be pervaded by quietness and tranquillity, but it’s the only appearance, considering that the poet always thinks about his dead friend.


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