Swift was thoroughly in English polities in part three of Gulliver’s Travels. Illustrate the idea.
Ans. There was sufficient possibility to identify Laputa, the flying island with contemporary Britain and George I’s Whig Court For example, The king and court were preoccupied with abstract speculation on mathematics and music. At that time George I was a great patronized of mathematicians and musicians and music was the reigning amusement in London. The king of Laputa wanted to be the sole monarch by destroying his subjects. below the flying land but his ministers possessed land and properties on earth so he could not take any action against the opinion of his ministers. The king was remarkable for his hospitality to the strangers and there were a considerable number of strangers from the continent attending at court.
All those referred to the accusation of George I for absolutism and for being a foreigner, his hostility to Hanover in strangers, and his appeal for a free parliament of landed men to defend the Liberties of England. Swift’s satire specifically referred to the Hanoverian government’s repeal of the provision in the Act of Settlement (1701) threatening the king to leave England without parliamentary permission. Gulliver said that ‘By a fundamental Law of this Realm, neither the king nor either of his two elder sons, are permitted to leave neither the island; nor the Queen till she is past childbearing ‘. The passage was not without any inner significance and reference to the then English politics.
That satiric tone also had a Jacobite similarity because Jacobite pamphleteers were saying that George I had violated the legislative contract or settlement upon which his right to rule was founded. The Laputan experiment miscarried and the result was a ruin. The Mill episode referred to the disastrous South Sea Scheme and to the contemporary mania for entrepreneurial projects. Gulliver was always willing to learn new ideas, new ways of doing things He explored the island of Laputa and discovered the complicated scientific magic that gave the king the power to dominate his dominions below. The reader became curious about the Astronomer’s Cave which was invented for the king’s greed for unchallenged power. Though their largest telescopes did not exceed European countries three feet these could magnify much better than any of the king did not have any direct contact with the subjects country below on the earth so never new the desires and problems of his objects below.
The reference to the rebellious towns of Lindalino indicated the relationship between Ireland and England. Swift was always involved in Anglo – Irish struggle and found delight in making allegory to unfold the reality of Ireland to his readers. Suppressing Ireland England was inviting his own destruction according to Swift. The king always pretended to be affectionate to his subjects below like the king of England to the suppressed people of Ireland and ordered the island to descend with great gentleness because he had a fear of breaking the adamantine bottom which was the opinion of their philosophers also. The king’s craving for the sole power indicated exactly the attitude of the then British colonizers.
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