Francis Bacon gives an account of three chief uses of studies. the primary use is that they serve for delight. This delight may are available solitude or in leisure after retirement from active life. Secondly, they serve for ornament in communication, conversation, and discourse. an individual who is well-read can talk more attractively than an ignoramus. The third use of studies is that they help within the judgment, and disposition of business.An expert man can judge matters one by one once they come face by face to him and he executes them consistent with his experience.
However, this is often not the case with an informed man. He can give counsels at any situation consistent with his knowledge and thus, learned men are best at marshaling of affairs.Studies, however, have their limitations. If an excessive amount of time is spent at studies it nothing quite sloth. If they’re used excessively in conversation, they show exaggeration and posing of an individual. And if a scholar makes each and each judgment of his life with the assistance of his knowledge, it’s just foolish and humorous behavior of the scholar.Studies perfect nature. Furthermore, they’re perfected by experience. Bacon compares the natural abilities of a person with a natural tree that needs pruning that comes with the study. Studies have a huge scope, it’s the icing on the cake if the experience is additionally added with them.Bacon says,
“Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them”.
The men who are hard workers or primitive men hate or contemn studies. However, the lads who have simple wits admire them. Moreover, the lads who are wise use them practically. Studies don’t teach their own use. it’s the wisdom of an individual that teaches him their usage. Bacon is of the view that a person shouldn’t read to contradict and confute others; he shouldn’t believe and rely wholly on words, nor to seek out some extent of dialogue in conversation, but he should read to weigh their value and use them. the author further supports this argument within the following statement,
“Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and a few to be chewed and digested”.
There are some books that are to be read-only in parts because they’re useful for an individual only in some places. it’s undeserving to read them word by word. On the contrary, there are some books that are to be read not with curiosity; and a few are to be read completely attentively and diligence because they require the complete attention of the reader. Moreover, this category of books has treasures hidden in them which will be found only by the reader’s diligence. there’s another category ‘like common distilled waters’ i.e ‘distilled books’, these books are extracts made up of other books and compiled in another book. These are the meaner kind of books.
Bacon says 1,000,000 dollars verses,
“Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing a particular man”.
It is reading that adds to the knowledge of a person and makes him complete during a sense of his wit. Undoubtedly, it’s a conversation with others that creates a person ready for any kind of step to be taken practically on behalf of his knowledge. Furthermore, it’s the skill of comprehensive or innovative writing that creates a full man because man is made to try to wonders, make innovations and generate new ideas.
Moreover, the author describes some facts about studies. He says if a person writes little than he must have an excellent memory to recollect all the learned things. If a person interacts little he must have a gift and sharp wit; and if a person reads little, he should be cunning to understand what he doesn’t.
Bacon impresses the reader through his comprehensive and great sayings. He says,
“Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtle; physics deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric ready to contend”.
The about stated few lines contain an ocean of meaning in it. Bacon says that it’s a history of ancients that creates new generations wise and witty. These are rules and laws stated by the ancients that make mathematics subtle in its nature. it’s due to histories that philosophy has deeper meanings and logic and rhetoric are ready to defend through arguments.
Bacon is of the view that any impediment or stand within the wit is often wrought out by fit studies. If an individual considers oneself dull, he can make him better through studies. Clearly, ‘bowling is sweet for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head’, similarly, studies even have a physical role in mortals’ life. If a man’s wit is unable to focus at some extent and it keeps wandering, let him study mathematics in order that he may learn to demonstrate rationally. If his wit is unable to seek out differences let him study the schoolmen. If a person isn’t ready to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, he should study the lawyers’ cases.
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