THE FATHER OF COMMUNISM
Karl Marx, the father of communism was born in Trier, Prussia, on May 5, in the year 1818. Though his parents belonged to Jewish families, they had to convert to Lutheranism due to financial crises. But Marx became an atheist later. He graduated from the University of Berlin in 1841. This institution was highly affected by Hegel. Marx adopted the profession of a writer after completing his graduation. In his writings, ideas about liberalism, democracy, humanity, and idealism were reflected. But Marx’s writing was not fully anticipated by Hegel’s.
Marx got married in 1843 and moved to Paris along with his wife. There he met Friedrich Engels his lifelong friend. With the changed atmosphere, Marx started to think about socialism, political economy, and Hegelianism. They possessed completely different personalities from each other. In real life, they had nothing in common except that they could connect through intellectual conversation, sufferings of the working class, different writings, articles, and journals. It is through Engels that Marx became so concerned about the distresses of the labor class people. They both spent quite a lot of quality time together which resulted in “THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO” of 1848. In the meantime, Marx worked on several other writings. “The Holy Family” (1845) and “The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts” (1844) are two of them.
Marx had to lead quite a tough life because he had to move from one city to another as he was being banished by the government because of his writings. In 1845, Marx was forced to leave France and shifted to Brussels. Now he became involved in some of the revolutionary movements because of his writings. The working-class people were highly inspired by his writings and requested him to keep writing more. Some of the topics of Marx’s theories are- The Dialectic, Labor, Alienation, Structures of Capitalist Society, and many more.
His involvement in the political movements couldn’t bring much for him. He moved to London in 1849. Consequently, he distanced himself from the revolutionary movements and concentrated solely on the research works of capitalism. He did another lifetime of great work here. He wrote three volumes of “DAS CAPITAL” of which the first volume got published in 1867. But he had to suffer a lot during these years. He had to face hardships like poverty. But his friend Engels supported him in his hard time. And became one of the main spokespersons of Marxism after the death of Marx. Marx became pretty famous after Capital was published and was also renowned as a leader of the International revolutionary movements. Karl Marx breathed his last on March 14 of 1883 following the death of his wife in 1881 and his daughter in 1882.
THE FATHER OF COMMUNISM THE FATHER OF COMMUNISM THE FATHER OF COMMUNISM THE FATHER OF COMMUNISM