Summary and Analysis “To Autumn”



Autumn joins with the maturing sun to load the vines with grapes, to ripen apples and other fruit, “swell the gourd,” refill the hazel shells and set budding more and more flowers. Autumn could also be seen sitting on an areaasleep during a grain field crammed with poppies, carrying a load of grain across a brook, or watching the juice oozing from a cider press. The sounds of autumn are the wailing of gnats, the bleating of lambs, the singing of hedge crickets, the whistling of robins, and therefore the twittering of swallows.


John Keats
                       John Keats

“To Autumn” is one of the last poems written by Keats. His method of developing the poem is to pile up imagery typical of autumn. His autumn is early autumn when all the products of nature have reached a state of perfect maturity. Autumn is personified and is perceived during a state of activity. within the first stanza, autumn may be a friendly conspirator working with the sun to bring fruits to a state of perfect fullness and ripeness. within the second stanza, autumn may be a thresher sitting on a granary floor, a reaper asleep during a grain field, a gleaner crossing a brook, and, lastly, a cider maker. within the final stanza, autumn is seen as a musician, and therefore the music which autumn produces is as pleasant because of the music of spring — the sounds of goats, lambs, crickets, robins, and swallows.

In the first stanza, Keats concentrates on the sights of autumn, ripening grapes and apples, swelling gourds and hazelnuts, and blooming flowers. within the second stanza, the stress is on the characteristic activities of autumn, threshing, reaping, gleaning, and cider making. within the concluding stanza.The poet puts the stress on the sounds of autumn, produced by insects, animals, and birds. To his ears, this music is simply as sweet because of the music of spring.
The ending of the poem is artistically made to correspond with the ending of a day: “And gathering swallows twitter within the skies.” within the evening, swallows take in flocks preparatory to returning to their nests for the night.
“To Autumn” is usually called an ode, but Keats doesn’t call it one. However, its structure and rhyme scheme are almost like those of his odes of the spring of 1819, and, like those odes.It’s remarkable for its richness of imagesit’s a feast of sights and sounds.

Summary and Analysis "To Autumn"Summary and Analysis "To Autumn"